Peacemaking, peacekeeping, peacebuilding and peace enforcement in the 21st century
Moreover, they use peacekeeping operations as a means to achieve their aims because democracies are shaped by the idea of law and order and the UN confers legitimacy to such operations. In fact, the current events in Syria perfectly indicate how the world is still configured by realpolitik; and the reminiscences of ideological power struggle that still dominate a Security Council divided between the vetoes of China and Russia, who are opposed to an intervention claiming the paramount international principles of non-interference and sovereignty, and the West, led by the United States, who is willing to intervene invoking The Responsibility to Protect.
However, it is well known that the US wishes to intervene in order to protect its security interests in the Middle East. As a result, self-interested states, starting with Russia, influenced the expansion of peace operations. The USSR even began in to pay its arrears for the financing of peacekeeping operations.
Firstly, specific security concerns: the disintegration of the USSR left more than 25 million of Russian speakers who suffered threats from their new states. As a result, Russia utilizes peacekeeping in order to limit their migration back to Russia, migration that Russia cannot afford . Secondly, Russia is involved in peacekeeping operations in order to cooperate with the West and benefit economically from it.
Thirdly, the breakup of the USSR made Russia lose its position of equality with the United States, therefore peacekeeping is part of a search for equality among the great powers. In fact, the Bush Administration ended the US-imposed sanctions on Beijing, soon after the Security Council passed the resolution with the essential Chinese approval . In conclusion, arguing that liberal democracies share interests and therefore they cooperate in peacekeeping is a fruitless argument since the international system is anarchic, the power is the key and universal moral principles cannot be applied to the action of states, following the realist paradigm.
There is no doubt that the United Nations cannot be considered a central authority since it is ruled by sovereign states.
And these sovereign states, specifically the Security Council Great Powers, are those that have shaped the trends in peacekeeping operations. Consequently, the egoistic passions and self-interests of the states, in terms of military, economic and diplomatic power, marked the increasing number of UN peacekeeping operations after , and not the altruism of protecting human rights worldwide.
Enholm and Amanda J.www.depozituldepublicitate.ro/libraries/87-hydroxychloroquine-400mg-farmaci.php
The confusion between peacemaking and peacekeeping – Maurice Bertrand
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What's the point of peacekeepers when they don't keep the peace?
Many thanks! Donations are voluntary and not required to download the e-book - your link to download is below. Submissions Advertise Article Award About. Unfortunately, this endeavor has a spotty track record. On many deployments, they end up watching helplessly while war rages.
On others, they organize elections and declare victory, but without having fixed the root causes that brought them there—making it all too likely that fighting will flare again before long. Part of the reason for this failure is a lack of resources.
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